Home>ANALYSIS>‘Prime 10… brings no satisfaction’ says Polygon’s Sandeep Nailwal – Cointelegraph Journal

‘Prime 10… brings no satisfaction’ says Polygon’s Sandeep Nailwal – Cointelegraph Journal

Learn Half 1 right here: Slumdog billionaire: Incredible rags-to-riches tale of Polygon’s Sandeep Nailwal

Rising up in poverty in a Delhi ghetto with an alcoholic father and an illiterate mom, Sandeep Nailwal has all the time had a hearth in his stomach to realize one thing higher.

He needs to go large or go house — middling success isn’t an possibility.

“I’m not doing one thing small,” he tells Journal. “Okay, we construct some community, and it has a token. It does effectively for one cycle after which fades into the daybreak, and I make just a few million {dollars} for myself and retire or no matter — this was not the plan.”

“We have been very clear that we are going to construct this, we’ll develop the group, and we’ll make it one of many greatest initiatives within the area.”

And that’s why, in his thoughts, Polygon — previously Matic Community — is but to really succeed, regardless of nudging a $19-billion market cap at one level and becoming a member of the highest 10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization (it’s at the moment No. 13 with a $6-billion market cap).


“Being within the high 10, high 15 initiatives brings no satisfaction to me. It’s very clear in my thoughts that I would like Polygon to have that sort of impression which Ethereum and Bitcoin have had. We’ve got to go to the highest three initiatives within the area. And that’s solely after I would say that ‘OK Polygon has made it.’”

Half 1 of this function informed the story of Nailwal’s rise from grinding poverty to going all-in on Bitcoin with $15,000 he’d borrowed to fund his wedding ceremony and the tough early days of Matic Community, the place the specter of operating out of funds was ever-present.

By mid-2019, Matic Community had raised $5 million in a Binance preliminary change providing to maintain itself afloat and had launched the alpha version of its Ethereum layer-2 sidechain. Nevertheless it was slowly changing into clear that the Plasma expertise it was pursuing was not the reply the market was in search of.

Concepts round scaling had begun to vary, and Plasma’s shortcomings (TLDR: difficult, higher at transferring belongings than operating sensible contracts) had seen it lose favor. Seeing which method the wind was blowing, the research-oriented Plasma Group determined to ditch the framework altogether in favor of constructing an Optimstic rollup and renamed the challenge “Optimism” in early 2020.

However the Matic Community white paper had outlined a Plasma-based answer with fraud proofs and a proof-of-stake checkpoint layer, and the staff was decided to observe via and construct it in 2019 and 2020, regardless of waning curiosity within the tech.

Mainnet market crash and resurrection

Simply because the challenge was gearing as much as launch its mainnet in Might 2020, a worldwide pandemic and the March Black Thursday market crash intervened. Round 70% was wiped off the already paltry sub-3-cent worth of MATIC throughout the area of 10 days. With fears of a brand new Nice Melancholy gripping the world, Matic Community’s future once more appeared unsure.

“Abruptly, the whole lot felt like it is going to go to zero. That shock was there for 2 to a few months. We survived that, however what we realized is that, you realize, we began with Plasma expertise, and now plasma is lifeless. And now we’re launching our mainnet. Individuals are, like, ‘Plasma is lifeless; there isn’t a curiosity from the group.’”

Nailwal says the staff got here to 2 conclusions.

The primary is that they’d attempt to get as many builders and builders as doable. This was successful, as they launched their Ethereum layer 2 simply in time for DeFi Summer time’s ludicrous gasoline charges on layer 1.

Sandeep at Token2049 polygon club twitterSandeep at Token2049 polygon club twitter
Sandeep Nailwal at Token2049. (X)

The second conclusion was to by no means once more put their eggs in a single basket.

“We realized that we have to be multichain; we are able to’t be counting on one explicit expertise,” he says.

Lengthy-term Ethereum group insider Mihailo Bjelic was additionally fascinated by a multichain future and joined the challenge to grow to be one thing of a bridge to markets and communities from which the staff felt excluded on the time. Nailwal says the challenge’s roots in India meant it had a low profile within the Western world, the place some thought-about it to be “similar to one other web rip-off.” 

Additionally learn: Beyond crypto — Zero-knowledge proofs show potential from voting to finance

In early 2021, Matic Community rebranded as Polygon to spotlight the change in course. On the time, Nailwal informed Cointelegraph the concept was to grow to be “Polkadot on Ethereum” and so as to add Optimistic rollups, zero-knowledge (ZK) rollups and StarkWare-style Validiums alongside the PoS community.

However Nailwal says they rapidly realized that Optimistic rollups have been at greatest an “intermediate answer” that wouldn’t be capable of scale as much as have 50 chains working within the ecosystem.

“With ZK, you possibly can think about a world with […] 100,000 chains; every of them has 1,000 transactions per second (TPS); all of them mixed collectively might be tens of hundreds of thousands of TPS in the entire community. And the structure will nonetheless survive and maintain scaling.”

“Infinite scalability, unified liquidity and that’s the most important level for why we wager on ZK as a result of ZK is the endgame for blockchain scaling.”

Polygon bull-run fever

On the daybreak of 2021, MATIC’s market cap was simply $87 million. By mid-year, it had surged to virtually $14 billion, and it was almost $19 billion by 12 months’s finish. That’s in no small half as a consequence of its surging consumer numbers and talent to scale Ethereum.

On the finish of 2020, it had fewer than 1,000 each day lively customers, however by October that 12 months, it had surpassed Ethereum for the primary time with 566,000 customers in a day and had flipped ETH’s each day transactions, too, due to excessive gasoline charges on the L1.

Abruptly, the founders have been very rich people, and the challenge itself had the funds to embark on a significant acquisition spree.

In August, it snapped up the complete Hermez community for 250 million MATIC. The challenge grew to become Polygon Hermez, an Ethereum Digital Machine-compatible ZK answer targeted on decentralization and a proof-of-efficiency consensus.

In December, it spent one other $400 million in MATIC to purchase the Mir staff of ZK-proof specialists to construct Polygon Zero (ZK recursive scaling). And the acquisitions saved coming.

Harvard Business School Sandeep case Studies 2032 - Five technologies that will shape the world from Miss Polygon Twitter AccountHarvard Business School Sandeep case Studies 2032 - Five technologies that will shape the world from Miss Polygon Twitter Account
Nailwal goes to Harvard Enterprise College, as a part of a case research about applied sciences that may form the world. (Miss Polygon Twitter)

“We reached out to all of them. We stated, ‘You need to work with us?’ And I feel at that cut-off date, no matter was like quantity three, quantity 4, quantity 5, like we acquired all of them, as a result of primary, quantity two didn’t include us. (However) the expertise in quantity three, 4, 5 groups is tremendous, tremendous good.”

The enterprise capital appeared to assume the brand new plan was a winner, with Polygon elevating one other $450 million in early 2022, promoting MATIC tokens in a increase led by Sequoia Capital India and together with Tiger International and Softbank Imaginative and prescient Fund.

Some great benefits of having a number of groups taking totally different approaches grew to become fairly clear.

“We initially saved them fully autonomous so they might pursue their very own analysis, they usually collaborated with one another. Resulting from that collaboration, all of a sudden, we obtained a ZK EVM, which individuals have thought is 4 or 5 years away.”

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He says the ZK EVM took simply 12 months to develop “due to the cross-pollination of concepts between these groups.”

Different ZK flavors creating below the Polygon umbrella embody Miden (a StarkWare-like system with its personal digital machine) and Dusk (Optimistic rollups meet zero-knowledge cryptography).

Bets every method on ZK, JavaScript is for midwits

The opposite large benefit of getting a number of groups constructing totally different options is it doesn’t drive Polygon to make the identical onerous selections different initiatives have needed to make.

For instance, StarkWare is betting that the extra efficiency supplied by its Cairo digital machine will make up for the truth that it’s a lot more durable to port current Ethereum initiatives over to StarkEx.

Sandeep as a Blockchain Buddies NFTSandeep as a Blockchain Buddies NFT
Sandeep as a “Blockchain Buddies NFT.”

Many of the different initiatives — zkSync, Linea, Scroll, and many others. — are making the alternative wager that much less efficiency however simpler compatibility with the Ethereum Digital Machine will entice initiatives and see their options win market share.

Polygon is the one staff with bets every method, with Polygon Miden following StarkWare with a ZK-optimised digital machine. For his half, Nailwal thinks EVM will win within the quick time period, however different options will come into their very own within the years forward.

“I virtually really feel like EVM is like JavaScript proper?” he says. “I keep in mind after I was in first or second 12 months of my engineering faculty… JavaScript was thought-about to be a programming language of the midwits! However at present, JS is all over the place; possibly 80% of the online is powered by JavaScript. So, EVM sort of has these results irrespective of how a lot you say, ‘These are the issues.’”

Nailwal provides, nonetheless, “Our plan is a 10-year-long plan. So, we’ve got the ZK EVMs, we’ve got Polygon Zero, however we even have Polygon Miden, which we imagine is very performant, has privateness options inbuilt […] and it’ll assist all of the programming languages.”

Miden founder Bobbin Threadbare informed Journal earlier this 12 months that the Miden VM will allow customers to do issues like run high-quality video video games and generate ZK-proofs on their house PCs they’ll ship into the community.

“What they’re doing, it offers me goosebumps,” Nailwal says. “However Miden will begin blossoming in round one 12 months. By that point, we, because the Polygon group, have to win the ZK EVM.” He hints {that a} new token and airdrop are being thought-about to assist with this.

Ethereum upgrades to turbocharge Polygon L2s

Ethereum’s subsequent large improve, EIP-4844, which is meant to occur someday earlier than the tip of the 12 months, introduces proto-danksharding to make life simpler for rollups, which Nailwal says is welcome however not a recreation changer.

“I feel some estimates have been saying as much as 200–300 TPS just for the rollups. So, not an enormous benefit, however it’s going to scale back the (gasoline) value of the transactions.”

Full danksharding, which is “a number of years away,” according to the Ethereum Basis, nonetheless, will multiply that enchancment by the variety of shards, at the moment anticipated at round 64.

“So, you possibly can think about that 64 multiplied by 200. So, there shall be, like, you realize, 12,000 TPS, all of the rollups can assist.”

In June this 12 months, the challenge unveiled its Polygon 2.0 roadmap to grow to be the “Worth layer of the web.” The imaginative and prescient is for a community of ZK-powered L2s that may seem to be utilizing a single chain to customers due to a cross-chain coordination protocol. Builders can knock up their very own ZK-powered L2 chain in a flash utilizing Polygon’s Chain Growth Equipment.

The present PoS blockchain will grow to be a Validium, which is one strategy to coping with the info availability downside of tips on how to affordably retailer stuff on Ethereum.

The roadmap may also see MATIC tokens upgraded to a new token called POL (quick for Polygon) and introduce the controversial idea of restaking, which permits token stakers to earn further rewards by serving to safe different networks.

“The POL token is mainly the hyper-productive, third-generation token. You possibly can validate on a number of chains, and you’ll validate for a number of roles: You will be an aggregator, you could be a sequencer, you could be a knowledge availability supplier, and also you could be a prover. So, with the identical token, you possibly can really stake on a number of layers.”

Sandeep AMA redditSandeep AMA reddit
Sandeep Nailwal’s AMA on Reddit.

Restaking is controversial in the Ethereum community, with critics arguing it may flip into an unstable home of playing cards. However Nailwal says POL shall be natively built-in into the ecosystem slightly than added by third events on high, as with Ethereum’s EigenLayer, which can mitigate the dangers.

“With Polygon, risk-taking is extra enshrined within the protocol; that is a part of the protocol; that is how the protocol behaves,” he says.

“For those who’re a validator and you might be operating 100 chains, and of these 100 chains you falter otherwise you do fraud on one chain, you get slashed from all of them,” he continues, including he’s unsure EigenLayer may implement that — “particularly when they’re constructing on high of one thing.”

“I feel there are lots of nuances the place ours is way easier and simpler to do.”

Polygon 2.0 is just like the web of cash

For Nailwal, the final word goal of Polygon 2.0 is to evolve crypto networks in the identical method the web developed. The forerunner of the web was ARPANET within the Seventies, then the invention of TCP/IP in 1983 allowed a number of networks to attach, forming an inter-network, which grew into the web due to further applied sciences just like the Area Title System and the World Broad Net.

“It’s interconnectivity of all of the networks,” he says. “That is precisely what you see is occurring on blockchains.”

“It’s very onerous to maneuver your cash trustlessly from one chain to a different; you utilize these bridges, which get hacked on a regular basis. That’s why Polygon 2.0 isn’t solely about having infinite scalability […] Nevertheless it also needs to be sure that that worth that’s being created on these lots of of hundreds of chains is also related and seamlessly movable.

He says the interoperable layer will allow worth to circulation between L2 chains, in addition to Ethereum and probably different layer-1 chains as effectively sooner or later in the event that they take part.

“So, with this Polygon 2.0, we are able to obtain the identical traits as the online has,” he says. “The Web3 community, whichever will win, ought to have infinite scalability and seamless switch of worth between these chains.”

“That’s why Polygon 2.0 structure has obtained lots of essential acclaim.”

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Future for Polygon and Sandeep Nailwal

Even because the founding father of a multibillion-dollar blockchain and residing in luxurious in Dubai, Nailwal nonetheless feels unhappy, as if he has but to make the impression he feels he ought to. He appears to be like as much as world changers like Mark Zuckerberg, Satoshi and Vitalik Buterin — “a very outstanding man.” So, mere wealth isn’t sufficient. He needs to make an enduring impression.

“I’ve by no means felt that Polygon has made it,” he says. “That half could be very relentless in my thoughts, like there isn’t a center floor like this.”

“I feel Bitcoin, Ethereum solely can say that they’ve made it — no person else, no different protocol can say that they’ve made it; they’ll die in a matter of six to 12 months.”

So, Nailwal gained’t be joyful till the Polygon ecosystem actually deserves to face alongside Bitcoin and Ethereum because the bedrock of the complete trade

“We’ve got to go to the highest three initiatives within the area,” he says.

Learn Half 1 right here: Slumdog billionaire: Incredible rags-to-riches tale of Polygon’s Sandeep Nailwal

Andrew FentonAndrew Fenton

Andrew Fenton

Primarily based in Melbourne, Andrew Fenton is a journalist and editor protecting cryptocurrency and blockchain. He has labored as a nationwide leisure author for Information Corp Australia, on SA Weekend as a movie journalist, and at The Melbourne Weekly.

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